Routine Eye Exam
Annual eye exams are more than just making sure your vision isn’t blurry.
5 reasons why they are important:
1. Eye exams help children succeed in school
Did you know that 80 percent of what children are expected to learn in and outside the classroom requires good vision? That statistic, which has been around for a long time, probably should be revised upward because of the ever-increasing amount of screen-time kids are exposed to these days.
An annual eye exam is the only way to ensure your child is seeing clearly and comfortably to succeed in the classroom. It’s also the only way to know for sure if kids are seeing their best for sports and other activities, too. It is essential to check children’s vision when they are ﬁrst born and again during infancy, preschool and school years.
2. Myopia is becoming an epidemic
The number of children who are developing myopia (nearsightedness) is growing faster than ever. And more kids are getting nearsighted at a very early age.
Why is this a big concern?
Children who become nearsighted very early in life tend to experience a worsening and progression of nearsightedness that continues throughout childhood — and this puts them at a signiﬁcantly greater risk of very serious and potentially sight-threatening eye conditions later in life, including cataracts, glaucoma and retina detachment.
Scheduling annual eye exams is the best way to assess your child’s risk of myopia. When detected early, myopia control measures can be taken to slow the progression of myopia and reduce your child’s risk of serious eye problems later in life.
3. Vision screenings are no substitute for an eye exam
Too often, parents are led to believe their child is seeing perfectly well because she passed a school vision screening. Or adults think they see perfectly because they pass a vision screening at the motor vehicle department. Frequently, neither of these assumptions are correct.
Vision screenings are just that — they screen out individuals who have serious (and usually quite obvious) vision problems. Screenings can identify apparent problems a person might have with speciﬁc visual tasks, such as seeing a chalkboard clearly in the classroom or recognizing road signs and other objects from behind the wheel.
Only a comprehensive eye exam by an optometrist or ophthalmologist can ensure your vision is as clear and comfortable as possible — and that you’re free from potentially serious eye diseases that don’t have obvious early symptoms, including glaucoma and even eye cancer.
Of all serious eye diseases, glaucoma is probably the sneakiest. That’s because there are no discernable symptoms in most cases of early glaucoma — nothing to alert you that something’s going wrong.
People who fail to have routine eye exams and develop glaucoma typically become aware of it only after they’ve sustained permanent vision loss from the disease. And by that time, controlling glaucoma to prevent additional vision loss can be very difﬁcult. Without successful control with medical treatment and/or glaucoma surgery the disease can lead to blindness.
Early detection of high eye pressure and other risk factors for glaucoma is possible only with routine eye exams. Vision screenings do little to nothing to identify or prevent glaucoma.
5. Annual eye exams can detect other serious health problems
Did you know that many people ﬁrst learn they have serious health conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and even cancer from — yes, you guessed it — a routine eye exam.
Our eyes have been called “the window to our soul.” It turns out, they also are often a very effective window to our overall health.
During a comprehensive eye exam, your eye doctor can observe and evaluate the health and condition of the blood vessels in your retina, which are a good predictor of the health of blood vessels throughout your body. Conditions such as diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia all are visible by changes in the appearance of the retinal blood supply and blood vessels.
Annual eye exams are especially important for anyone with diabetes or who might be at risk for the disease (due to obesity, family history or other reasons). People with diabetes or pre-diabetes are at risk for developing diabetic eye disease, the leading cause of blindness among adults. In its early stages, diabetic eye disease has no visible symptoms; only a comprehensive eye exam can detect signs of the disease so treatment can begin soon enough to prevent vision loss.
Also, research is advancing to develop an eye test to determine your risk for Alzheimer’s disease, that may soon be performed during a comprehensive eye exam.
So how often should you have an eye exam?
Adults should have comprehensive eye exams every two years if there are no complaints. However, if you’re 60 or older you should have your eyes checked once a year to make sure you are seeing as well as you should.
Children who have regular vision screenings need to schedule an eye exam less often. The main goal is to identify children at risk of developing amblyopia, which can lead to permanent visual impairment when discovered after the age of 7. Other problems that can be detected by screenings or eye exams include strabismus (eye misalignment), cataracts, glaucoma, ptosis (drooping eyelid), refractive errors such as myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness) and astigmatism, and other serious conditions such as tumors or neurological diseases. It is therefore recommended that children have an eye exam at the age of 6 months, 3 years and then when entering ﬁrst grade at the age of 5 or 6.