A cataract is a clouding of the normally clear lens of your eye. For people who have cataracts, seeing through cloudy lenses is a bit like looking through a frosty or fogged-up window. Clouded vision caused by cataracts can make it more difficult to read, drive a car (especially at night) or see the expression on a friend’s face.

Most cataracts develop slowly and don’t disturb your eyesight early on. But with time, cataracts will eventually interfere with your vision.

At first, stronger lighting and eyeglasses can help you deal with cataracts. But if impaired vision interferes with your usual activities, you might need cataract surgery. Fortunately, cataract surgery is generally a safe, effective procedure.

Ambler grid for testing AMD

For someone with AMD, an Amsler grid may appear to have wavy lines or blank spots

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a problem with your retina. It happens when a part of the retina called the macula is damaged. With AMD you lose your central vision. You cannot see fine details, whether you are looking at something close or far. But your peripheral (side) vision will still be normal. For instance, imagine you are looking at a clock with hands. With AMD, you might see the clock’s numbers but not the hands.

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Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes complication that affects eyes. It’s caused by damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (retina).

At first, diabetic retinopathy may cause no symptoms or only mild vision problems. Eventually, it can cause blindness.

The condition can develop in anyone who has type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The longer you have diabetes and the less controlled your blood sugar is, the more likely you are to develop this eye complication.

Glaucoma is a disease that damages your eye’s optic nerve. It usually happens when fluid builds up in the front part of your eye. That extra fluid increases the pressure in your eye, damaging the optic nerve.

Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness for people over 60 years old. But blindness from glaucoma can often be prevented with early treatment.

In a healthy eye, excess fluid leaves the eye through the drainage angle, keeping pressure stable.

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A retinal detachment is a condition that causes the thin retinal layer at the back of the eye to elevate and become displaced from it normal anatomical position. There are many causes for a retinal detachment. These include holes in the retina, diabetes and trauma to the eye.

Symptoms of a retinal detachment include:

1) flashes of light which are generated inside the eye.

2) visualization of objects floating in the eye (floaters)

3) diminishing vision or decrease in the visual field

A retinal detachment is an emergency and requires urgent treatment. The treatment of a retinal detachment is surgical intervention. Prompt treatment has a greater chance of restoring the vision.

Retinal detachments are more prone to people who are short sighted. This is due to a stretching effect on the retinal tissue which lies at the back of the eye. People who had recent eye injuries are also at risk of a retinal detachment.

A retinal detachment is an emergency and help should be sought immediately.

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Address: European Eye Center
116 Nguyen Van Huong, Ward Thao Dien, District 2, HCMC
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